To better understand Lyme arthritis, you should know that it occurs when the Lyme disease bacteria starts to inflame the patient's joints, it may develop into chronic arthritis, it can affect people of all age groups, its possible treatments include antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medications, and prevention and early treatment of Lyme disease is the solution.
Lyme disease can be contracted from the bite of an infected tick. The disease was identified after rheumatoid arthritis cases rose in children in 1975. Research later showed that the illness was caused by ticks that were infected by the Borelia burgdorferi bacteria. Some Lyme disease symptoms are quite the same with symptoms of other diseases like flu. As a result, people may choose to ignore it. Lyme arthritis can happen in the last stage of the disease. The condition is somewhat similar to inflammatory arthritis. Here are more facts that you should know about Lyme arthritis:
It occurs when the patient's joints become inflamed from Lyme disease bacteria
According to specialists, there are several stages of Lyme disease. In the early stages, symptoms resemble those of the common flu, including fever, headaches, chills and body aches. If it is left untreated, the infection will spread throughout the body. Lyme arthritis happens in the late stage of Lyme disease and is caused when bacteria inflames the joints. Knee and shoulder joints are often the parts affected with Lyme arthritis. Other symptoms that manifest in the late stage of Lyme disease are severe headaches, anxiety and mood disorders.
It may develop into chronic arthritis
Research has shown that an estimated 10% of Lyme disease that is left untreated may result to chronic arthritis. Continuous inflammation of the joints that last for a year or more is a symptom of chronic arthritis. Its symptoms include redness, fluid buildup in the patient's joints and swelling.
People of any age can be affected by it
Lyme disease and Lyme arthritis can affect children and adults alike. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) revealed that the most common sufferers of Lyme disease are children between 5 and 9 years old and adults older than 30. Additionally, patients in 33% of the total number of reported cases experienced Lyme arthritis.
The condition may be treated with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medications
Antibiotics may be used to treat Lyme arthritis. With positive response rates that reached 94%, intravenous ceftriaxone is considered the most successful means of relief. In order to receive relief from swelling and pain ibuprofen, an anti-inflammatory medication, is also sometimes given to patients. However, these treatments are not as successful in some cases of Lyme arthritis. In those rare instances, the bacteria are believed to have become resistant to the antibiotic treatment.
Prevention and early treatment of Lyme disease is the solution
Because Lyme arthritis develops in the late stage of Lyme disease, the most obvious form of prevention is to prevent Lyme disease or treat it as soon as possible. It is very important to know the measures that can be taken to prevent Lyme disease, as well as the different symptoms of Lyme disease and what treatments are available.
Lyme arthritis is a cause for much concern, but the effects of this condition can still be prevented and treated.