Periodontal disease occurs in the tissues surrounding the teeth and jawbone. If untreated gingivitis can lead to this disease and once you have it , this disease is tough to get rid of. It is important that you visit the dentist when you notice issues with your gums. If left untreated you can lose your teeth.
Once this disease is diagnosed a good oral hygiene program is instituted, the patient will need to be diligent for the rest of their life. You should brush your teeth twice a day, floss and use mouthwash. If you have difficulty brushing then an interdental brush can help.
The bacteria that causes periodontal disease lives in plaque and calculus that is found on your teeth and under your gums. A dental technician will go and clean under your gums. This can be painful so sometimes a general anesthesia is necessary. If your bite has shifted then you may need to have it readjusted. Other processes such as root scaling and planning may be needed. You also will need to have any other dental issue fixed before treatment can be considered successful.
After the initial deep cleaning your dentists will reevaluate your condition. If you follow a good hygiene plan then most of the symptoms will decrease. However sometimes surgery is required. Particularly if your inflammation or gum pocket depths remain unchanged. After successful treatment you will then begin a periodontal maintenance regime. This requires dental visits every 3 months to ensure that the periodontal bacteria are kept to a minimum.
Periodontal disease can not always be prevented by brushing your teeth daily and flossing regularly. You need to not have plaque build up and regularly visit your dentist twice a year to make sure your gums and teeth are healthy. Antiseptic mouthwash can help to reduce the bacteria that may be living in your mouth. Next, follow the links below to learn how you can stop gum disease and prevent it from coming back again.